영자 신문: 인플레이션과 이자 – 영어 책과 지문, 영어 읽기로 영어 공부 하기 01 (English newspapers: Inflation and Interest – Studying by reading English books)

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영자 신문: 인플레이션과 이자 – 영어 책과 지문, 영어 읽기로 영어 공부 하기(English newspapers: Inflation and Interest – Studying by reading English books)

Table of Contents

1. 영자 신문: 인플레이션과 이자
영어 책과 지문, 영어 읽기로 영어 공부 하기
(English newspapers: Inflation and Interest – Studying by reading English books)

The Relationship between Inflation and Interest

Inflation and interest rates are two crucial factors that have a significant impact on the economy. Both individuals and businesses need to have a good understanding of their relationship to make informed financial decisions. Let’s explore how inflation and interest rates are related.

Inflation is a term that refers to the increase in the price of goods and services over time. It means that the purchasing power of money decreases over time. Inflation can be caused by various factors such as an increase in the money supply or an increase in demand for goods and services. If the demand for goods and services exceeds the supply, prices will rise. Similarly, when there is an increase in the money supply, the value of the currency decreases, and prices rise. This is because people have more money to spend and are willing to pay more for goods and services.

On the other hand, interest rates are the cost of borrowing money. When individuals or businesses borrow money, they must pay interest to the lender. Interest rates are determined by various factors such as the supply of money in the economy, the demand for credit, and the overall health of the economy. When interest rates are high, borrowing money becomes expensive, and when they are low, borrowing becomes cheaper.

There is a clear relationship between inflation and interest rates. When inflation is high, interest rates tend to be high as well. This is because lenders want to be compensated for the decreased value of the money they will receive in the future due to inflation. In other words, they want to be paid back with interest that reflects the decreased value of money. If they do not charge higher interest rates, they will lose money due to inflation.

When interest rates are high, borrowing becomes more expensive, which can slow down economic growth. This is because businesses and individuals have to spend more money on interest payments, which leaves them with less money to invest or spend on other things. As a result, businesses may not be able to expand or hire as many workers, and individuals may not be able to afford to buy as many goods and services.

On the other hand, when interest rates are low, borrowing becomes cheaper, which can stimulate economic growth. This is because businesses and individuals have more money to invest or spend on other things, which can help to create jobs and boost economic activity.

Central banks, like the Federal Reserve in the United States, often use interest rates as a tool to control inflation. When inflation is high, they may raise interest rates to make borrowing more expensive and slow down economic growth. Conversely, when inflation is low, they may lower interest rates to stimulate economic activity.

In conclusion, understanding the relationship between inflation and interest rates is crucial for making informed financial decisions. When inflation is high, interest rates tend to be high as well, and borrowing becomes more expensive. Conversely, when inflation is low, interest rates tend to be low, and borrowing becomes cheaper, which can stimulate economic growth. By keeping an eye on inflation and interest rates, individuals and businesses can make informed decisions about their finances and investments.

2. 영어 단어 및 영어 문장 공부
(문장 클릭 – 번역기 자동 연결)
Study English words and sentences (Click sentence – automatic connection to the translator)

각 문장을 클릭하면, 번역기와 자동으로 연결됩니다.

문장의 뜻과, 단어, 발음 등을 한번에 확인할 수 있습니다.

보다 능동적으로 공부할 수 있습니다.

The Relationship between Inflation and Interest

Inflation and interest rates are two crucial factors that have a significant impact on the economy. Both individuals and businesses need to have a good understanding of their relationship to make informed financial decisions. Let’s explore how inflation and interest rates are related.

Inflation is a term that refers to the increase in the price of goods and services over time. It means that the purchasing power of money decreases over time. Inflation can be caused by various factors such as an increase in the money supply or an increase in demand for goods and services.

If the demand for goods and services exceeds the supply, prices will rise. Similarly, when there is an increase in the money supply, the value of the currency decreases, and prices rise. This is because people have more money to spend and are willing to pay more for goods and services.

On the other hand, interest rates are the cost of borrowing money. When individuals or businesses borrow money, they must pay interest to the lender. Interest rates are determined by various factors such as the supply of money in the economy, the demand for credit, and the overall health of the economy. When interest rates are high, borrowing money becomes expensive, and when they are low, borrowing becomes cheaper.

There is a clear relationship between inflation and interest rates. When inflation is high, interest rates tend to be high as well. This is because lenders want to be compensated for the decreased value of the money they will receive in the future due to inflation. In other words, they want to be paid back with interest that reflects the decreased value of money. If they do not charge higher interest rates, they will lose money due to inflation.

When interest rates are high, borrowing becomes more expensive, which can slow down economic growth. This is because businesses and individuals have to spend more money on interest payments, which leaves them with less money to invest or spend on other things. As a result, businesses may not be able to expand or hire as many workers, and individuals may not be able to afford to buy as many goods and services.

On the other hand, when interest rates are low, borrowing becomes cheaper, which can stimulate economic growth. This is because businesses and individuals have more money to invest or spend on other things, which can help to create jobs and boost economic activity.

Central banks, like the Federal Reserve in the United States, often use interest rates as a tool to control inflation. When inflation is high, they may raise interest rates to make borrowing more expensive and slow down economic growth. Conversely, when inflation is low, they may lower interest rates to stimulate economic activity.

In conclusion, understanding the relationship between inflation and interest rates is crucial for making informed financial decisions. When inflation is high, interest rates tend to be high as well, and borrowing becomes more expensive. Conversely, when inflation is low, interest rates tend to be low, and borrowing becomes cheaper, which can stimulate economic growth. By keeping an eye on inflation and interest rates, individuals and businesses can make informed decisions about their finances and investments.

3. 영어 단어 및 영어 문장 공부
(문장 클릭 – 번역기 자동 연결)
영어, 한국어, 중국어, 일본어
Study English words and English sentences (click sentences – automatic connection to the translator) English, Korean, Chinese, and Japanese.

No. english korean Chinese Japanese
1 The Relationship between Inflation and Interest 인플레이션과 이자의 관계 通货膨胀与利息的关系 インフレと利子の関係
2 Inflation and interest rates are two crucial factors that have a significant impact on the economy. 인플레이션과 이자율은 경제에 큰 영향을 미치는 두 가지 중요한 요소입니다. 通货膨胀和利率是影响经济的两个重要因素。 インフレと金利は、経済に大きな影響を与える 2 つの重要な要素です。
3 Both individuals and businesses need to have a good understanding of their relationship to make informed financial decisions. 개인과 기업 모두 정보에 입각한 재무 결정을 내리려면 이 둘의 관계를 잘 이해해야 합니다. 个人和企业要想做出基于信息的财务决策,必须了解这两种关系。 個人と企業の両方が情報に基づいた財務決定を下すには、この2つの関係をよく理解する必要があります。
4 Let’s explore how inflation and interest rates are related. 인플레이션과 금리가 어떻게 연관되어 있는지 살펴보겠습니다. 让我们看看通货膨胀和利率有什么关系。 インフレと金利がどのように関連しているかを見てみましょう。
5 Inflation is a term that refers to the increase in the price of goods and services over time. 인플레이션은 시간이 지남에 따라 상품과 서비스 가격이 상승하는 것을 가리키는 용어입니다. 通货膨胀是指随着时间的推移商品或服务价格上涨的用语。 インフレとは、時間の経過とともに商品やサービスの価格が上昇することを指す用語です。
6 It means that the purchasing power of money decreases over time. 이는 시간이 지남에 따라 화폐의 구매력이 감소한다는 것을 의미합니다. 这意味着货币购买力随着时间的推移而下降。 これは、時間の経過とともに通貨の購買力が低下することを意味します。
7 Inflation can be caused by various factors such as an increase in the money supply or an increase in demand for goods and services. 인플레이션은 통화 공급의 증가 또는 상품 및 서비스에 대한 수요 증가와 같은 다양한 요인으로 인해 발생할 수 있습니다. 通货膨胀可能由各种因素引起,例如管理层增加和商品和服务需求增加。 インフレは、マネーサプライの増加や商品やサービスの需要の増加など、さまざまな要因によって引き起こされる可能性があります。
8 If the demand for goods and services exceeds the supply, prices will rise. 상품과 서비스에 대한 수요가 공급을 초과하면 가격이 상승합니다. 商品或服务需求超过供应时,价格会上升。 商品やサービスの需要が供給を超えると、価格が上昇します。
9 Similarly, when there is an increase in the money supply, the value of the currency decreases, and prices rise. 마찬가지로 통화 공급이 증가하면 통화 가치가 하락하고 가격이 상승합니다. 同样,如果货币供应量增加,货币价值就会下降,价格也会上升。 同様に、マネーサプライが増加すると、マネーバリューが低下し、価格が上昇します。
10 This is because people have more money to spend and are willing to pay more for goods and services. 이는 사람들이 더 많은 돈을 쓸 수 있고 상품과 서비스에 대해 더 많은 비용을 지불할 의향이 있기 때문입니다. 这是因为人们可以花更多的钱,而且愿意为商品和服务支付更多的费用。 これは、人々がより多くのお金を使うことができ、商品やサービスに対してより多くの費用を支払う意向があるためです。
11 On the other hand, interest rates are the cost of borrowing money. 반면에 이자율은 돈을 빌리는 데 드는 비용입니다. 相反,利率是借钱所需的费用。 一方、金利はお金を借りるための費用です。
12 When individuals or businesses borrow money, they must pay interest to the lender. 개인이나 기업이 돈을 빌릴 때는 대출 기관에 이자를 지불해야 합니다. 个人或企业贷款时,需要向贷款人支付利息。 個人や企業がお金を借りるときは、貸付業者に利息を支払う必要があります。
13 Interest rates are determined by various factors such as the supply of money in the economy, the demand for credit, and the overall health of the economy. 금리는 경제의 통화 공급, 신용에 대한 수요, 경제의 전반적인 건전성 등 다양한 요인에 의해 결정됩니다. 利率由经济的货币供应、对信用的需求、经济的整体健全性等多种因素决定。 金利は、経済の通貨供給、信用に対する需要、経済の全般的な健全性など、さまざまな要因によって決定されます。
14 When interest rates are high, borrowing money becomes expensive, and when they are low, borrowing becomes cheaper. 이자율이 높으면 돈을 빌리는 것이 비싸고, 이자율이 낮으면 돈을 빌리는 것이 저렴해집니다. 利率高的话借钱的人更高,利率低的话借钱的人更便宜。 金利が高ければお金を借りる方が高く、金利が低いとお金を借りる方が安くなります。
15 There is a clear relationship between inflation and interest rates. 인플레이션과 이자율 사이에는 분명한 관계가 있습니다. 通货膨胀和利率有明显的关系。 インフレと金利には明らかな関係があります。
16 When inflation is high, interest rates tend to be high as well. 인플레이션이 높으면 이자율도 높은 경향이 있습니다. 通货膨胀越高,利率就越高。 インフレが高いと金利も高くなる傾向があります。
17 This is because lenders want to be compensated for the decreased value of the money they will receive in the future due to inflation. 이는 대출자가 인플레이션으로 인해 미래에 받게 될 돈의 가치 하락에 대해 보상을 받기를 원하기 때문입니다. 这是因为借款人希望得到因通货膨胀而将来会得到的金钱价值下降的补偿。 これは、借り手がインフレによって将来受け取ることになるお金の価値下落に対して補償を受けることを望んでいるためです。
18 In other words, they want to be paid back with interest that reflects the decreased value of money. 즉, 대출자는 화폐 가치 하락을 반영한 이자로 상환받기를 원합니다. 也就是说,借款人希望以反映货币价值下降的利息偿还。 つまり、借り手は貨幣価値の下落を反映した利息で返済してもらいたいと考えています。
19 If they do not charge higher interest rates, they will lose money due to inflation. 더 높은 이자율을 부과하지 않으면 인플레이션으로 인해 손해를 보게 됩니다. 如果不征收更高的利率,就会因通货膨胀而蒙受损失。 より高い金利を課さないと、インフレによって損をします。
20 When interest rates are high, borrowing becomes more expensive, which can slow down economic growth. 이자율이 높으면 차입 비용이 높아져 경제 성장이 둔화될 수 있습니다. 如果利率高,贷款费用就会提高,经济增长可能会放缓。 金利が高いと、借入コストが高くなり、経済成長が鈍化する可能性があります。
21 This is because businesses and individuals have to spend more money on interest payments, which leaves them with less money to invest or spend on other things. 기업과 개인이 이자 지불에 더 많은 돈을 써야 하기 때문에 다른 곳에 투자하거나 쓸 수 있는 돈이 줄어들기 때문입니다. 因为企业和个人在支付利息上需要花费更多的钱,所以可以投资或使用的钱会减少。 企業と個人が利子の支払いにより多くのお金を使わなければならないため、他のところに投資したり使えるお金が減るためです。
22 As a result, businesses may not be able to expand or hire as many workers, and individuals may not be able to afford to buy as many goods and services. 결과적으로 기업은 더 많은 근로자를 고용하거나 확장하지 못할 수 있고, 개인은 더 많은 상품과 서비스를 구매할 여력이 없을 수 있습니다. 结果,企业不能雇佣或扩张更多的劳动者,个人可能没有余力购买更多的商品或服务。 結果的に、企業はより多くの労働者を雇用したり拡張したりすることができず、個人はより多くの商品やサービスを購入する余力がない可能性があります。
23 On the other hand, when interest rates are low, borrowing becomes cheaper, which can stimulate economic growth. 반면에 이자율이 낮으면 대출 비용이 저렴해져 경제 성장을 촉진할 수 있습니다. 相反,利率低的话,贷款费用会降低,可以促进经济增长。 一方、金利が低いと、ローンのコストが安くなり、経済成長を促進できます。
24 This is because businesses and individuals have more money to invest or spend on other things, which can help to create jobs and boost economic activity. 기업과 개인이 다른 곳에 투자하거나 소비할 수 있는 돈이 많아져 일자리를 창출하고 경제 활동을 촉진하는 데 도움이 될 수 있기 때문입니다. 因为企业和个人可以向其他地方投资或消费的资金增多,有助于创造工作岗位,促进经济活动。 企業と個人が他のところに投資したり消費できるお金が多くなり、雇用を創出し、経済活動を促進するのに役立つからです。
25 Central banks, like the Federal Reserve in the United States, often use interest rates as a tool to control inflation. 미국 연방준비제도이사회와 같은 중앙은행은 인플레이션을 통제하기 위한 도구로 금리를 사용하는 경우가 많습니다. 像美联储这样的中央银行经常使用利率作为抑制通货膨胀的工具。 米国連邦準備制度理事会のような中央銀行は、インフレを抑制するためのツールとして金利を使用することがよくあります。
26 When inflation is high, they may raise interest rates to make borrowing more expensive and slow down economic growth. 인플레이션이 높으면 금리를 인상하여 대출 비용을 높이고 경제 성장을 둔화시킬 수 있습니다. 通货膨胀高的话,会提高利率,提高贷款成本,减缓经济增长。 インフレが高ければ、金利を引き上げ、ローンのコストを高め、経済成長を鈍化させる可能性があります。
27 Conversely, when inflation is low, they may lower interest rates to stimulate economic activity. 반대로 인플레이션이 낮으면 경제 활동을 촉진하기 위해 금리를 낮출 수 있습니다. 相反,通货膨胀低的话,为了促进经济活动,可以降低利率。 逆に、インフレが低いと、経済活動を促進するために金利を下げることができます。
28 In conclusion, understanding the relationship between inflation and interest rates is crucial for making informed financial decisions. 결론적으로 인플레이션과 이자율의 관계를 이해하는 것은 정보에 입각한 재무 결정을 내리는 데 매우 중요합니다. 总而言之,理解通货膨胀和利率的关系对于做出基于信息的财务决定非常重要。 結論として、インフレと金利の関係を理解することは、情報に基づいた財務決定を下す上で非常に重要です。
29 When inflation is high, interest rates tend to be high as well, and borrowing becomes more expensive. 인플레이션이 높으면 이자율도 높아지는 경향이 있으며 대출 비용이 더 비싸지게 됩니다. 通货膨胀越高,利率就越高,贷款成本就越高。 インフレが高いと金利も高くなる傾向があり、ローンのコストが高くなります。
30 Conversely, when inflation is low, interest rates tend to be low, and borrowing becomes cheaper, which can stimulate economic growth. 반대로 인플레이션이 낮으면 이자율이 낮아지고 차입 비용이 저렴해져 경제 성장을 촉진할 수 있습니다. 相反,如果通货膨胀低,利率就会下降,贷款成本也会降低,从而促进经济增长。 逆に、インフレが低いと金利が下がり、借入コストが安くなり、経済成長を促進する可能性があります。
31 By keeping an eye on inflation and interest rates, individuals and businesses can make informed decisions about their finances and investments. 인플레이션과 금리를 주시함으로써 개인과 기업은 재정과 투자에 대해 정보에 입각한 결정을 내릴 수 있습니다. 通过关注通货膨胀和利率,个人和企业可以根据信息对财政和投资做出决定。 インフレと金利を注視することで、個人と企業は財政と投資について情報に基づいた決定を下すことができます。
영자 신문: 인플레이션과 이자 - 영어 책과 지문, 영어 읽기로 영어 공부 하기 01 (English newspapers: Inflation and Interest - Studying by reading English books)
영자 신문: 인플레이션과 이자 – 영어 책과 지문, 영어 읽기로 영어 공부 하기 01 (English newspapers: Inflation and Interest – Studying by reading English books)

Table of Contents


1) 유튜브 채널 – 9,700 구독자와 함께하는 유튜버 [ 큐레이터 단비 ]
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